Portuguese Water Dog
Originating in Portugal, the muscular and medium sized Portuguese Water Dog is called “Cao de Agua”, which means “dog of water” in Portuguese. Being an excellent swimmer, it was considered an active member of the fishermen crew! It would retrieve nets that would break, herd fish and catch them, retrieve whatever fell in the water, and carry message from one boat to another, one ship to another. For it to swim and work in water, the fishermen would shave its rear and muzzle—hence, the trim like a lion! It was used so much that its number fell in 1930s. Later, Vasco Bensaude, a Portuguese, started its breeding again and in 1958, the US imported its first pair. It is multi-talented—water trials, therapy dog, assistance dog, agility and obedience. The American Kennel Club recognized this breed in 1983.
With a height of 20 to 22 inches (females are about 3 inches shorter) and weight of 42 to 55 pounds (females are about 7 pounds lesser), the head of the Portuguese Water Dog is domed and broad, with a muzzle whose stop is well-defined. The broad nose is black. The dark eyes are round and medium sized. The high-set ears hang and are heart-shaped. Thick at base, the undocked tail tapers at end. The straight legs have webbed feet. The wavy or curly and thick coat comes in parti-color (white with dark spots), white, black, gray, silver fox, shades of brown, brown with white markings, or black with white markings. Shedding little or no hair, regular combing and brushing are required. It is hypoallergenic and thus, very suitable for people who are prone to allergies.
Affectionate, pleasant tempered, loyal, brave, eager to please, obedient, extremely intelligent, easy to train, faithful, spirited, funny, amusing and animated, the Portuguese Water Dog has no problem with children, and other dogs and non-canine pets. In fact, it enjoys their company and loves them. Give it excellent training in obedience and socialization and it becomes a wonderful family pet. You will have no problem in imparting training as it has the ability to learn easily. It must be taught to enter or exit any door or gateways after you enter or exit. You should be consistent, firm, stern and authoritative but not harsh, especially while training it. Never try to give a free hand to it as it would mistake it as your timid nature. It is an excellent swimming companion.Regular walks, runs, swimming and romping, along with physical and mental exercises, are required for it to stay calm. Without this daily regime, it would be nervous, high strung and restless. While out for walks, make sure it is on leash and heels beside or behind you. It could be put off leash inside the house, and in a safe and protected area. Do not leave it on its own for too long for it to develop unmanageable behavioral symptoms. Dog food should be given thrice a day in small proportions. Never give one large meal a day or overfeed it with whatever you eat.
With a lifespan of 10 to 14 years, the Portuguese Water Dog is prone to GM-1 Storage Disease (a deadly nerve-related disease), progressive retinal atrophy and hip dysplasia. Before you buy a pet, make sure to get the related tests done.
Pug Dog Full Information
Originating sometime around 400 BCE, there are two major theories surrounding the thickset, small, square and stocky Pug. The first theory is that it is a smaller version of “Dogue de Bordeaux” (French Mastiff), and the second theory is that it is of Asia origin, descending from the Shorthaired Pekingese. Whatever or wherever its place of origin lies, this breed had become popular during the 1800s Victorian era. In Europe and Japan, it became the favorite of the royalties. It was also the favorite of the monasteries in Tibet. It feels uneasy in both cold and hot weather. So if you go for a puppy, make sure to keep it comfortable. A watchdog and great at performing tricks, it was recognized in 1885 by the American Kennel Club.
With a height of 12 to 14 pounds (females are about 2 inches shorter) and weight of 13 to 20 pounds (females are about 13 to 18 pounds), the massive-headed Pug has a muzzle that is blunt, square and short. There are deep and large wrinkles on the face that need to be cleaned on a regular basis. The dark eyes are quite large and very prominent. They are prone to cherry eye and weeping. The rose-shaped or button-shaped ears are thin and small. The legs are straight and short. The tail is set high and tends to curl over the back. The colors of the smooth and soft coat are black, fawn, silver and apricot. A heavy breeder seasonally, the coat needs combing and brushing regularly. You can dry shampoo it when required. When you give it a bath, make sure to dry it immediately so that it does not catch the chill.
Spirited, affectionate, highly intelligent, devoted, rambunctious, playful and loyal, the peppy Pug is a good family dog and watchdog. When you train it in obedience and socialization, make sure to bring variety to you training as it gets easily bored. So, do not be surprised when you find it sleeping on training! You need to teach your children how to handle such little breed, and not to tease or hurt it. It get along well with children, and other dogs and non-canine pets. Never give it a free hand to feel that it is the pack leader. Then it would think you are timid and small dog syndrome would crop up—intimidating, feisty, guarding, willful and dominating. Youshould be consistent, firm, stern and authoritative, and at the same time, calm and not harsh. You must avoid stroking, cuddling or overprotecting it. You should set some rules for it and make sure that they are followed. Daily walks, and physical and mental exercises (are a must!) are required. Do not over-exercise it as it would then start wheezing. Without this daily routine and also on being left alone for long, it would display behavioral problems like separation anxiety, guarding, obsessive barking and snapping. Sometimes, the problems can lead it to become bity. While out for walks, you need to keep it on leash, and make it heel beside or behind you. If you want to put it off leash, do so in an open but protected area or inside your house. Unleashed in a public area may attract other children to come and play with it, and in the process, they might end up teasing or hurting it. Measured meal should be given twice a day in little proportions. Never give one large meal a day or overfeed it as it tends to put on easy weight. With overweight, its lifespan lessens.
With a lifespan of 12 to 15 years, the Pug is prone to cold and stress. It is also prone to breathing problems, snoring, wheezing, allergies, skin problems, Pug Dog Encephalitis, brain inflammation, mast cell tumors, and inflammation of and ulcers on its cornea. You need to take great deal of extra care if you pet it in either hot weather or cold weather.